Great renaissance artists
Great renaissance artists . The Renaissance, a time of great intellectual renewal, saw dozens of talented and spectacular artists. It was also during this time that new art techniques emerged from some of the best artists that the world has ever known. For example, you have the word “Sfumato,” which was a term Leonardo da Vinci coined as a painting technique that blurred and softened the sharp outlines with a blending of a single tone. His techniques gave the illusion of a three-dimensional works. Meanwhile, you had legendary sculptors and painters like Michelangelo who had an unparalleled influence on western art.
The Extraordinary Life of Leonardo da Vinci
Probably one of history’s greatest artists and most talented men, Leonardo was an impressive polymath with many areas of interest. At the Leonardo da Vinci Museum in the heart of Florence, you can learn everything you ever wanted to know about this universal genius. Some of his best works include:
- The Mona Lisa
- St. John the Baptist
- Salvator Mundi
- Lady with an Ermine
- The Baptism of Christ
- Madonna Litta
Leonardo has been so famous that one of his paintings, the Salvator Mundi, even sold for $450 million dollars at auction in 2017. That’s almost half a billion dollars. More than 500 years ago, the king of France, King Louis XII, ordered the commission of it.
No one knows for sure the birth of Tiziano, but it’s guessed he had been born around 1477. At the tender age of 10, he and his brother Francesco were sent to Venice to get an apprenticeship with a minor painter called Sebastian Zuccato. Tiziano soon became famous for some of his works. One example is the “Virgin and Child.” Other works of Tiziano include:
In particular, Titian had a talent for fresco, and he has been shown for this artwork at Padua at the Carmelite church.
Raphael Santi lived a nomadic lifestyle where he worked in various places around northern Italy, one of them being Florence. While he spent a great deal of time in that city, he never became a permanent resident. Raphael assimilated and perfected many of the Florentine techniques while maintaining his own independence of style. He also perfected Leonardo’s version of sfumato modeling in his own special way. Raphael kept a workshop of fifty pupils and many of these artists eventually became famous in their own right. Some of the most important artists to come out of Rafael’s workshop included:
- Gianfresco Penni
- Perino del Vaga
- Giulio Romano
- Polidoro da Caravaggio
Some of Rafael’s most influential Renaissance artworks include Portrait of Bindo Altoviti, Madonna of the Meadow, Saint Catherine of Alexandria and the Deposition of Christ.
A man who came under the patronage of Lorenzo de’ Medici, Sandro was an Italian painter who lived during the early Renaissance. One of the things that should be mentioned in the histiry of art is the major impact the Medici family had on this colorful period of time.
The Medici family sponsored some of the world’s greatest artists like Michelangelo, Leonardo, Donatello and Felippo Brunelleschi. Lorenzo was also sometimes known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, and he ruled throughout the peak of this era in Italy, which was why he had such a remarkable influence on shaping it. Before this time, artists were often confined to religious themes and two dimensional forms, but in this period, you saw self-portraits and works from Roman mythology like the Birth of Venus from Sandro Boticelli.
Sandro’s mythological works are what he’s best known for today. Some experts have described Sandro as a man who was outside the mainstream of the Italian art world. Boticelli had a solid training when it came to the Florentine style, and he also had training in panel painting, drawing and fresco. Throughout Boticelli’s life, he avoided some of the technical shortcuts that some of the other painters took advantage of.
One of the great workaholic artists of this era, Michaelangelo did many great works during his time. Here’s an interesting question. If you could sculpt your own tombstone, what would you want it to have? Michelangelo did just this with his Deposition of Christ sculpture. Some have suspected that he originally intended this for his own tombstone, where he would work on this sculpture for six days right up to the moment of his death. Michelangelo also undertook some project plans in architecture, which include:
- Porta Pia
- Palazzo dei Conservatori
- St. Peter’s Basilica
- Laurentian Library
- Palazzo Farnese
- Villa I Collazzi
Michelangelo primarily sculpted, but he also had skills with the paintbrush, where he is even famous for his work on the Sistine Chapel. This is a man who reveled in a good challenge, and he undertook numerous difficult challenges in a variety of fields like architecture. What made Michelangelo one of the great artists is his quality of workmanship and his prolific output during his lifetime. Michelangelo had unusual and enlivening ideas about architecture where he based his ideas on artist composition. He believed that in understanding the human body, he could build spectacular buildings.
Technically, his real name is Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi, but you probably just know him as Donatello. He’s probably most famous for the “Bronze David.” This is the sculpture to depict David from the story of David and Goliath in the nude with his foot resting upon the severed head of Goliath. The delicate figure bears a wonderful contrast between the strong sword he holds. Other famous works of Donatello include:
What’s awesome about the artists from this is how many of them tended to be skilled in numerous trade. For example, Leonardo was a painter, inventor, anatomist and engineer and mathematician. Meanwhile, you had Michelangelo who was a sculptor, painter, architect and painter. The artists from this era came to represent the limits of human potential, which is another thing that the histiry of art in this time period came to symbolize beauty at its limits and what it meant to expand your mind into the mysteries of the unknown. Shortly after this time period came the Age of Enlightenment, which some historians have also called the Age of Reason.